Genetic Distances Among Primates

To read, match the species on the left with the species you want to compare it to along the top. For example, to see the distance between human (Hsa) and gorilla (Ggo), first find Ggo on the left,then, since human is the first species, read down the first column to where they intersect (0.01903317). To see the distance between gorilla and rabbit (Ocu), go down to Ocu on the left, go to the 4th column (since Ggo is the 4th taxa). There you will find 0.33493841.  You will find that rabbit is essentially equidistant from everything else (between 28-33%).  Not surprising it's the outgroup.  The distance measure I used was the uncorrected P, which is the default measurement in the program I used (PAUP*4.0). You will also notice a general trend as you go down, say, the first column.  Human differs from the chimps by ~ 1.6 %; gorilla by ~1.9%;then a jump to orang at ~3%.  Gibbon (Hla) ~4%.  Then a jump to ~6% for all the Old World monkeys (with a few minor exceptions), from Mmu (Rhesus) to Tob (type of langur).  Then a jump at the New World monkeys at ~11-12% (Cal to  Ase not sure of their common names, but it is Callicebus to Alouatta). Then the Tarsiers (Tba, Tsy) at ~24%.  Then some prosimians (Ocr(galago) to Cme (bush baby)), varying from 21-28%. Then rabbit (Ocu) at ~33%.  The jumps do not represent kinds or typological distances they represent adaptive radiations.
 
  Hsa Ppa Ptr Ggo Ppy Hla Mmu Mni Mne Pcy Tge Lat Msp Mle Cga Cae Epa Cce Cpo Cgu Nla Tob Cal Age Apa Lla Bar Aca Abe Ase Tba Tsy Ocr Efu Cme Ocu  
Hsa                                                                         Hsa
Ppa 0.01656170                                                                       Ppa
Ptr 0.01590752 0.00879112                                                                     Ptr
Ggo 0.01903317 0.01972564 0.01911568                                                                   Ggo
Ppy 0.03120775 0.03230719 0.03200513 0.03299310                                                                 Ppy
Hla 0.04241150 0.04150429 0.04113659 0.04362657 0.04088205                                                               Hla
Mmu 0.06069471 0.06367917 0.06091274 0.06243170 0.06361647 0.06471625                                                             Mmu
Mni 0.06447305 0.06960464 0.06706894 0.06782086 0.06318200 0.07204533 0.01129213                                                           Mni
Mne 0.06393789 0.07115006 0.06407806 0.06597392 0.06527320 0.06794128 0.01246000 0.01537127                                                         Mne
Pcy 0.06600441 0.06913871 0.06838863 0.06853152 0.06674898 0.07048179 0.02261005 0.02204031 0.02428681                                                       Pcy
Tge 0.06325444 0.06663453 0.06613840 0.06675458 0.06364144 0.06801409 0.02140825 0.01989958 0.02383490 0.01222634                                                     Tge
Lat 0.06113953 0.06672022 0.06397614 0.06483133 0.06291682 0.06720333 0.01932984 0.01842394 0.02098450 0.01364414 0.01193857                                                   Lat
Msp 0.06372353 0.06809524 0.06575611 0.06703019 0.06378950 0.06927181 0.02180322 0.01840527 0.02733034 0.02242169 0.02041030 0.02065501                                                 Msp
Mle 0.06657230 0.07256907 0.06816405 0.06938230 0.06746164 0.07201350 0.02432754 0.02384700 0.02862163 0.02318057 0.02222471 0.02125540 0.01247088                                               Mle
Cga 0.06811869 0.07168461 0.07001866 0.07094974 0.06761043 0.07284996 0.02783715 0.01925125 0.02843466 0.02589384 0.02434477 0.02458302 0.01703512 0.01912213                                             Cga
Cae 0.06693447 0.07304502 0.06914502 0.06958367 0.06846021 0.07269783 0.03034030 0.02584771 0.03089457 0.03048398 0.02671360 0.02880883 0.02848774 0.02989744 0.03096786                                           Cae
Epa 0.05644754 0.06412363 0.06102249 0.06062604 0.05657918 0.06419547 0.01820932 0.01989115 0.02087939 0.02171625 0.02008831 0.01619681 0.02003920 0.02114363 0.02246805 0.01360617                                         Epa
Cce 0.06300886 0.06864773 0.06534423 0.06731119 0.06274862 0.06786639 0.02319566 0.02400050 0.02776017 0.02508119 0.02370945 0.02112829 0.02508404 0.02757717 0.02434242 0.02041470 0.01924855                                       Cce
Cpo 0.07635029 0.08217355 0.07734700 0.07897419 0.07448368 0.08162325 0.04980229 0.04473517 0.05499889 0.05269902 0.05020589 0.04983526 0.04375732 0.04691016 0.04846410 0.05138162 0.03939582 0.04369329                                     Cpo
Cgu 0.06817081 0.07674083 0.07133552 0.07028694 0.06914812 0.07317831 0.04453190 0.03990571 0.04400692 0.04471273 0.04230241 0.03943720 0.04102120 0.04297106 0.04626457 0.04221025 0.03232725 0.03923392 0.01676461                                   Cgu
Nla 0.07233053 0.07998964 0.07433465 0.07465980 0.07089882 0.07791191 0.04704262 0.04335922 0.04695806 0.04732711 0.04583396 0.04488556 0.04556648 0.05001663 0.04894940 0.04515040 0.03398344 0.04321714 0.04008621 0.03330334                                 Nla
Tob 0.07068656 0.07847346 0.07431290 0.07411380 0.07052343 0.07694158 0.05220348 0.04452582 0.05050146 0.04965374 0.04835975 0.04624453 0.04756869 0.05042953 0.05092935 0.04773128 0.03335362 0.04542991 0.03472290 0.03281709 0.02273359                               Tob
Cal 0.12275929 0.12306875 0.12210880 0.12405508 0.12198437 0.12499900 0.12758584 0.14608102 0.13238142 0.13173985 0.13010375 0.12786064 0.13357167 0.13790746 0.13877545 0.13627271 0.12819140 0.13282213 0.15746951 0.14386742 0.14105377 0.14553571                             Cal
Age 0.11748792 0.11708324 0.11627389 0.11688264 0.11541738 0.11711588 0.12331575 0.13336284 0.13020752 0.12705089 0.12547849 0.12151886 0.12543672 0.13065001 0.12772007 0.13354211 0.11843801 0.12641226 0.13552201 0.13152836 0.12600537 0.13140944 0.07136700                           Age
Apa 0.11788153 0.11841259 0.11663727 0.11670335 0.11522967 0.11632305 0.12293690 0.13635691 0.12857029 0.12615258 0.12593725 0.12043717 0.12716734 0.12891142 0.13049029 0.13245176 0.11971049 0.12712152 0.13793251 0.12781858 0.12851995 0.13343194 0.06829134 0.01602502                         Apa
Lla 0.11611037 0.11604248 0.11717253 0.11724695 0.11478015 0.11962560 0.12419277 0.12697998 0.12717433 0.12538493 0.12413329 0.11849289 0.12365282 0.12916461 0.12838122 0.12942640 0.11761802 0.12406460 0.13308653 0.12555392 0.12467445 0.12814948 0.07005983 0.02670528 0.02081384                       Lla
Bar 0.11505167 0.11220488 0.11440488 0.11516747 0.11297032 0.11736464 0.12487137 0.12470391 0.12822253 0.12320133 0.12166074 0.11559219 0.12272876 0.12726790 0.12784363 0.12771028 0.11191196 0.12381011 0.13230975 0.12186850 0.12129176 0.12624367 0.06816039 0.02637250 0.02158423 0.01967385                     Bar
Aca 0.12516665 0.12257675 0.12323711 0.12351400 0.12258258 0.12344934 0.12811534 0.14029586 0.12939930 0.13234794 0.13131450 0.12576613 0.13192371 0.13479349 0.13646735 0.13936670 0.13148390 0.13262442 0.14346837 0.13944480 0.13870712 0.14206399 0.07511456 0.03977819 0.03491810 0.03458646 0.03369037                   Aca
Abe 0.12596160 0.12317777 0.12408347 0.12445863 0.12427276 0.12442713 0.12915529 0.14258853 0.13082302 0.13329546 0.13182253 0.12726867 0.13352020 0.13578622 0.13715738 0.13994269 0.13311294 0.13412239 0.14454694 0.13926220 0.13966602 0.14310859 0.07693722 0.04117420 0.03634002 0.03567162 0.03522261 0.00573767                 Abe
Ase 0.12655851 0.12398379 0.12478487 0.12505430 0.12413918 0.12539920 0.12967443 0.14267202 0.13082045 0.13379100 0.13252491 0.12704894 0.13381845 0.13657621 0.13784973 0.14012164 0.13277195 0.13465296 0.14548214 0.14034700 0.13925031 0.14232130 0.07648492 0.04045257 0.03575998 0.03541519 0.03468039 0.00660005 0.00558090               Ase
Tba 0.24756227 0.26284283 0.24661399 0.24924682 0.24852596 0.24953052 0.25799310 0.25546148 0.24898033 0.26187453 0.26013902 0.25802836 0.25565684 0.25993788 0.26994222 0.25890583 0.24850513 0.24939351 0.28299299 0.25064966 0.26360318 0.25754303 0.26784521 0.26007414 0.25889564 0.25857851 0.26126757 0.27025089 0.27030015 0.26974362             Tba
Tsy 0.24757892 0.25944337 0.24640553 0.25041905 0.24859016 0.24817066 0.25621158 0.25522351 0.24776934 0.25946611 0.25868988 0.25730595 0.25544316 0.25999114 0.27026770 0.25794867 0.24940512 0.25167286 0.28380066 0.25454521 0.26161933 0.25820717 0.26705790 0.26042211 0.25927585 0.25877807 0.26080438 0.26843923 0.26851568 0.26834592 0.03218405           Tsy
Ocr 0.28059703 0.30820882 0.27933612 0.28168437 0.27334934 0.27712512 0.28814152 0.26140070 0.27379090 0.29246038 0.29140723 0.28941783 0.26642647 0.27685371 0.29616669 0.28993538 0.26054668 0.26302955 0.30490693 0.28063965 0.28736326 0.28889152 0.30029261 0.28285497 0.28347561 0.28594595 0.28486091 0.29019707 0.29016471 0.29003406 0.29439929 0.29357770         Ocr
Efu 0.21271615 0.24305893 0.21077941 0.21783975 0.20520972 0.20439547 0.22095239 0.19640018 0.20203334 0.22758941 0.23033662 0.22325096 0.23734558 0.22965242 0.24546653 0.22658782 0.17752969 0.22701830 0.26421270 0.16355132 0.22205406 0.17864193 0.22935703 0.19680800 0.19096451 0.19601850 0.20193706 0.19702038 0.19706509 0.19535454 0.22272903 0.22402233 0.17102332       Efu
Cme 0.22780932 0.26265508 0.22645806 0.23130947 0.22025469 0.22204536 0.23696604 0.21420875 0.22248222 0.24466929 0.24542859 0.24033578 0.24146172 0.23469126 0.24949256 0.24132967 0.19595809 0.23016879 0.27493367 0.16861947 0.24309967 0.18810497 0.25153047 0.21294306 0.21004483 0.21409369 0.21935304 0.21842235 0.21398307 0.21805517 0.22626579 0.22460119 0.17901048 0.07318342     Cme
Ocu 0.33367664 0.37565354 0.33192480 0.33493841 0.33055481 0.33092523 0.33404320 0.31299227 0.31658670 0.33674011 0.33574104 0.33484372 0.31269875 0.32701710 0.34084189 0.33330837 0.31935853 0.31481874 0.34572700 0.32269540 0.33933774 0.33429131 0.34961969 0.34375441 0.34190357 0.34069264 0.34491959 0.35212132 0.35495421 0.35451725 0.34393081 0.34234276 0.34664950 0.28050354 0.28796732   Ocu
  Hsa Ppa Ptr Ggo Ppy Hla Mmu Mni Mne Pcy Tge Lat Msp Mle Cga Cae Epa Cce Cpo Cgu Nla Tob Cal Age Apa Lla Bar Aca Abe Ase Tba Tsy Ocr Efu Cme Ocu  


Species Key and overview of primate classification

Overview of primate taxonomy (with emphasis on the branches more closely related to humans - I'm so darned anthropocentric).

Primates
    Haplorhini - the "single nosed" primates
      Anthropoidea - monkeys, apes, and humans
        Catarrhini - Old World monkeys, apes, and humans
          Hominoidea - apes and humans
            Hominini - great apes and humans
              Hominina - gorillas, chimps, and humans
                Homo? - chimps and humans
                  Homo - humans
                  Pan - chimps
                Gorilla - gorillas
              Pongina - orang-utans
            Hylobatini - gibbons
          Cercopithecoidea - Old World monkeys
        Platyrrhini - New World monkeys
      Tarsiiformes - tarsiers
    Strepsirhini - the "wet nosed" primates
      Lemuriformes - lemurs
      Lorisiformes - lorises

Note - Tarsiers were previously lumped in with lorises and lemurs as prosimians, but most reasearchers now think they are closer to the monkeys, apes, and humans.
 

The species used in the study

Primates
    Haplorhini - the "single nosed" primates
      Anthropoidea - monkeys, apes, and humans
        Catarrhini - Old World monkeys, apes, and humans
          Hominoidea - apes and humans
            Hominini - great apes and humans
              Hominina - gorillas, chimps, and humans
               Homo? - chimps and humans
                  Homo - humans

                Hsa     Homo sapiens                Human
                  Pan - chimps
              Ppa     Pan paniscus                Bonobo
              Ptr     Pan troglodytes             Chimpanzee
                Gorilla - gorillas
              Ggo     Gorilla gorilla             Gorilla
              Pongina - orang-utans
              Ppy     Pongo pygmaeus              Orang-utan
            Hylobatini - gibbons
              Hla     Hylobates lar               Common gibbon
          Cercopithecoidea - Old World monkeys
              Mmu     Macaca mulatta              Rhesus macaque
                    Mni     Macaca nigra               Celebes ape
              Mne     Macaca nemestrina           Pigtail macaque
              Pcy     Papio cynocephalus          Yellow baboon
              Tge     Theropithecus gelada        Gelada
              Lat     Lophocebus aterrimus       Black mangabey
              Msp     Mandrillus sphinx           Mandrill
              Mle     Mandrillus leucophaeus      Drill
                           Cga     Cercocebus galeritus        Tana River mangabey
              Cae     Cercopithecus aethiops      Savanna monkey
              Epa     Erythrocebus patas          Patas monkey
              Cce     Cercopithecus cephus        Moustached Guenon
              Cpo     Colobus polykomos           Kings colobus (Western black and white)
              Cgu     Colobus guereza             Guereza (Eastern black and white)
              Nla     Nasalis larvatus            Proboscis monkey
              Tob     Trachypithecus obscurus     Dusky langur
        Platyrrhini - New World monkeys
              Cal     Cebus albifrons             White-fronted Capuchin
              Age     Ateles geoffroyi            Black-handed spider monkey
              Apa     Ateles paniscus             Black spider monkey
              Lla     Lagothrix lagothrich        Common wolley monkey
              Bar     Brachyteles arachnoides     Wolley spider monkey
              Aca     Alouatta caraya             Black howler
              Abe     Alouatta belzebul           Black and red howler
              Ase     Alouatta seniculus          Red howler
      Tarsiiformes - tarsiers
              Tba     Tarsius bancanus            Western tarsier
              Tsy     Tarsius syrichta            Philippine tarsier
    Strepsirhini - the "wet nosed" primates
      Lorisiformes - lorises, bush babies, and galagos.
              Ocr     Otolemur crassicaudatus     ---------------
      Lemuriformes - lemurs
              Efu     Eulemur fulvus              ---------------
              Cme     Cheirogaleus medus          Fat-tailed dwarf lemur
 

Order Lagomorpha (Rabbits, hares, and pikas)
               Ocu     Oryctolagus cuniculus       Domesticated / wild European wild rabbit